Purpose of Study: The purpose of this investigation is to define the level of knowledge of students of Baku State University, Biology Faculty on environmental education.
Problem Statement:As Azerbaijan has rich natural gas and oil resources, environmental issues become more important subject for last twenty years. While verifying responds of students for asked questions on environmental issues, we observed that correct answers of women were 59,05% but correct answers of men were 57, 45%. Both of women and men students responded the 3 important questions incorrectly. There was significant difference in only 2 Articles of general 63 Articles, among students. While looking at total average of all Articles, knowledge levels of woman and man was defined as 3,34 (68%). While verifying knowledge levels of students, there was significant difference among classes from statistical point of view. While estimating responds of students on environmental problems under their faculties, there was not significant difference among them, and correct answer percentage is 60,1% that belongs to students of Biology Faculty. 59,1 % belongs to Ground Protection, but the lowest percentage of correct answers 57, 6% belongs to Ground Structure and Ground Inspectorships.With the research conducted so far it has been observed that awareness of environment or advocacy for the preservation of environment is not well developed among the college students of Azerbaijan. Specially obtaining these results from a research conducted among students majoring in biology have a significant meaning; because science of biology is fundamental in the understanding of environment. Lack of the “understanding and awareness of environment” in students and professionals of this branch poses a big problem for Azerbaijan. It is not possible to improve or protect the environment without creating an awareness of environment. Therefore, it is a social necessity to educate the public effectively in this matter.
Conclusions and Recommendations:The results show that knowledge levels of Baku State University’ Students on environmental problems (58,25%) is higher than Azerbaijani students (52,88%) studying at Near East University. While verifying attitude’ levels on environmental awareness, attitudes of Azerbaijani students studying at NEU were 3,46% (69,2%), but attitudes of Baku State University’ Students were 3,34% (66,8). Although there are significant difference among two groups form statistical point of view, this difference is not higher than environmental knowledge. Significant difference among two groups was observed in 38 questions from 63 questions on environmental knowledge from statistical point of view.
Methods:119 woman and 81 man students studying at 5 spheres of Biology Faculty (Ground Protection, Earth Structure and Ground Inspection, Biochemistry and Biology) have taken part in this investigation.
Keywords: Environment, environmental education, pollution, environmental knowledge, environmental attitude scale