Problem Statement: In Turkey, while we examine the studies related to psychology counselors, we observe that many studies have been conducted on their emotional intelligent quotient, communicative and empathy skills, life satisfaction, automatic thinking and coping with stress levels, psychodrama practices, and burnout level and problem solving. However, there are no studies dealing with the interrelationship among automatic thoughts, problem solving skills and social skills of school counselors. Furthermore, while the thinking styles, social skills and problem solving skills of students were investigated, not enough research was conducted on whether school counselors possess these skills or not. In this respect, it is believed that the results of the present study will contribute significantly to the literature in the field.
Purpose of the Study:The aim in conducting this study is to determine among school psychological counselors’ automatic thoughts, perceptions on problem-solving skills and social skills.
Methodology:This study is a literature review which uses a qualitative research technique. The population of this study encompasses the psychological counsolers working at the public primary/secondary schools in İzmir. In this study random sampling method was used. The data collecting tools used in this research are Automatic Thoughts Qustionnaire-Revised (ATQ-R), Problem Solving Inventory (PSI), Social Skills Inventory (SSI), and Personal Information Form developed by the researchers. To determine whether there is any relationship among dependent variables, “Pearson Moments Correlation Coefficient” technique was used. The significance level was accepted as .05 in the study.
Findings: The results of the study show that there is a strong negative relationship among psychology counselors' automatic thoughts, problem solving skills, and social skills, working at primary and secondary schools. The study depicted a strong positive relationship between school psychological counselors' problem solving skills and social skills.
Conclusion and Recommendations:In general, the findings of the study state that there is a direct relationship between school psychological counsellors’ problem solving, negative thinking and social abilities. According to this, it is significant to design educational environments where school psychological counsellors can improve their problem solving and social ability levels. For this reason it is necessary to improve particularly social abilities, and problem solving approaches in the training of pre-service school psychological counsellors. Regarding this aim, it is good to support pre-service school psychological counsellors to present behaviours in developing these traits so as to gain positive approaches.
Keywords: School psychological counselors, automatic thoughts, problem-solving skills, social skills.