Problem Statement: Studies on the factors of student motivation are currently addressing issues such as student attitudes, studying principles, studying environments, musical works and some personal issues. All of these elements undoubtedly have an effect on student motivation and success, so instructors should consider them while helping students to increase their motivation levels. Instructors should consider individual success in addition to the overall quality of their piano instruction if they wish to understand student motivation and other performance indicators, such as the self-consciousness of the students.
Purpose of Study:In this study, the author aimed to develop the “Motivation Scale in Piano Education” and then test the scale’s validity and reliability. The scale rates the motivation of piano students to play the piano, their performance on piano exams and their piano playing habits. The author then assessed the validity and reliability of the data collected with the scale.
Methods:A survey method was used to collect data for this study. The “Motivation Scale in Piano Education” was applied to students who were taking the piano class for the first time when the study was conducted as well as students who were repeating the class at the time of the study. The work group consists of 258 piano students from the music teaching program. The author administered the survey to all 258 students from the work group within one month, including any related communication.
Findings and Results: The study determined the validity and reliability of the scale and in so doing, it attempted to define individual and environmental factors that may affect a student’s motivation to play piano. Data obtained through the implementation were filtered for testing the reliability and validity of the scale. Statistical processes of the scale revealed that the scale was significantly valid and reliable.
Conclusion and Recommendations: In conclusion, the author found the “Motivation Scale in Piano Education” to be highly valid and reliable. The scale has high values in terms of both reliability coefficient measurements and factor loads and correlations. The author also revised the scale after taking measurements, which made the final scale practicable for music education in general and for piano education in particular.
Keywords: Piano Education, Motivation, Validity and Reliability