Problem Statement: Based on information presented in previous literature, that the characteristics of learning environments foster metacognition and thinking, it is believed that metacognitive oriented classrooms can contribute to the formation of environments needed to teach thinking, and when metacognitive oriented learning environment characteristics of classrooms are developed, their suitability for thinking education will be enhanced. However, in literature, there is no research looking at the predictive relationship between the characteristics of a metacognitive oriented learning environment and the characteristics of a thinking-friendly classroom.
Purpose of the Study: The purpose of the current study is to investigate the predictive relationships between the characteristics of a metacognitive oriented learning environment in science classes and the characteristics of a thinking-friendly classroom based on the opinions of secondary school students.
Method: The study is a predictive study designed in the relational survey model. The sampling of the study consists of 378 students attending secondary schools in the city of Kutahya. In the study, The Metacognitive Orientation Learning Environment Scale–Science (MOLES-S) and Thinking-Friendly Classroom Scale (TFCS) were employed as data collection instruments. In the analysis of the data, Pearson correlation analysis and multi-linear regression were used.
Findings and Results: The results of the regression analysis revealed that all the predictive variables together can meaningfully explain 53% of the total variance in TFCS total score: 57% of the variance in teacher behaviors promote thinking; 39% of the variance in student behaviors promote thinking; and 6% of the variance in behaviors prevent thinking.
Conclusion and Recommendations: In light of the findings of the study, it can be argued that the characteristics of a metacognitive oriented learning environment can account for nearly half of the characteristics of thinking-friendly classrooms (in total score) and for the student and teacher behaviors that are part of these characteristics. Thus, theoretical explanations of metacognitive oriented learning environments and thinking-friendly classrooms have been confirmed to a great extent in actual classroom environments. Strong predictive relationships found in the study indicate a need to establish metacognitive oriented learning environments to inculcate students’ thinking skills.
Keywords: Metacognition, thinking, metacognitive oriented learning environment, thinking-friendly classroom environment, secondary school students