Impact of Globalization on Higher Education in Asian Countries: A Comparative Analysis
- Altangerel Balgan , (Ph.D), National University of Mongolia, Mongolia
- Narantuya Otgonbayar , (Ph.D), University of the Humanities, Mongolia
Globalization has caused a paradigm shift in higher education, which is is a subject of research and discussion within the global community. The purpose of this research was to present cross-case comparison of key patterns of globalization impact on higher education in some Asian countries. A qualitative comparative-analytical and descriptive approach was adopted to analyze the similarities and differences among education systems and globalization trends in higher education in Asian region. The data was collected from policy papers on higher education reforms and strategy, and through interviews of faculty and students. While the study focused on the comparative analysis of higher education, impact of innovation, and challenges related to globalization of higher education institutions, it discovered changed dynamics in higher education in Asian countries. It was found that a special focus on internationalization of higher education is required in the context of integrated policy strategies. Such reforming strategies and transformations in higher education systems in Asian countries would have practical relevance. The paper colludes wit a strong belief that globalization has transformed higher education systems, culminating into internationalization of education.