Comparison of Effects of Teacher Training Programs on TPACK and Self-efficacy of Primary School Teachers
- Qianqian Wei , Lecturer, Qianqian Wei, Normal college, Sanmenxia Vocational and Technical College, Sanmenxia City, China, 472000
- Indang Ariati Binti Ariffin , Prof, Dr, Indang Ariati Binti Ariffin, Graduate School of Management,Management and Science University,University Drive Off Persiaran Olahraga, Seksyen 13,40100 Shah Alam,Selangor, Malaysia
- Jacquline Tham , Associate Professor, Dr., Jacquline Tham, Graduate School of Management, Management and Science University, University Drive Off Persiaran Olahraga, Seksyen 13,40100 Shah Alam,Selangor, Malaysia
Utilizing a probability sampling approach, this study employs a sample size of 500 primary school teachers within a designated county to examine the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) status among primary educators. The TPACK scores of primary school teachers exhibit a discernible shift from elevated to diminished levels in correlation with the progression of teaching experience. Specifically, concerning Technological Knowledge (TK) and the intersection of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPCK), there is a demonstrable decline in the average scores concomitant with an increase in teaching tenure. Conversely, an augmentation in educational background correlates positively with an upward trajectory in the overall TPACK scores. The enhancement of primary school teachers' TPACK is attainable through the implementation of strategies encompassing teacher promotion and training initiatives. An examination of primary school teachers' self-efficacy reveals uniformly elevated scores across various dimensions, indicating a pervasive sense of confidence. The formulation and evolution of teachers' self-efficacy are determined by the interplay of individual subjective factors, cognitive considerations, and external environmental influences.