The Investigation of the Level of Fulfilment: The Basic Needs of Architecture Students

Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, TURKEY
DOI: 10.14689/ejer.2020.87.2


Purpose: In order to improve the quality of education, it is important to identify the basic needs of first-year students who receive architectural education. The objective of this research was to investigate the level of basic needs satisfaction of first-year students receiving education in the architecture department.

Research Methods: In this research, a relational screening model, which is one of the general survey models, was used. Students’ perception in terms of satisfaction of basic needs was measured with University Students’ Basic Needs Scale. Moreover, information related to socio-demographical characteristics was collected via the Personal Information Questionnaire.

Findings: Research findings indicated that the satisfaction levels of basic needs of architecture students participating in the research were generally above 4, which was the neutral score level. The lowest satisfaction level for all five basic needs was determined to be related to the survival need. Furthermore, it was concluded that students’ perception in terms of basic need satisfaction significantly differed with respect to their academic grade points, genders, the residential units where they mostly resided and educational status of their parents.

Implications for Research and Practice: Depending on the class level, it may be ensured that more comprehensive evaluations are made about the students’ perceptions of needs. In new studies, other variables that might have an effect on basic needs satisfaction may also be included.

Keywords: Architecture students, basic needs, University Students’ Basic Need Scale, academic achievement, sociodemographic variables