Character Education and Teacher’s Attitudes in Preventing Radicalization in Junior High School Students in Indonesia
- Connie Chairunnisa , Department of Education, Postgraduate, University of Muhammadiyah Prof.Dr.HAMKA, Jalan Warung Buncit Raya No.17 Pancoran, South Jakarta, Jakarta 12790, Indonesia
- Istaryatiningtias , Department of Education, Postgraduate, University of Muhammadiyah Prof.Dr.HAMKA, Jalan Warung Buncit Raya No.17 Pancoran, South Jakarta, Jakarta 12790, Indonesia
Purpose: Education is expected to create people who can eventually make the nation a better place, raise public awareness and change public perception. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of the influence of character education and teacher attitudes for deradicalization.
Methodology: This study used the mixed method research design. combining quantitative and qualitative methods. Data collection techniques included questionnaires and surveys. From the population of 257 students of 8 junior high schools in Pondok Aren Regency, South Tangerang City, Banten, Indonesia, a sample of 147 respondents was selected through purposive sampling method. Data analysis utilized the descriptive statistics used SPSS.
Findings: The average score from 147 respondents shows that most respondents gave a high score toward character education in deradicalization. The endogenous variables of character education and teachers’ attitudes toward deradicalization had a greater contribution (53.7%) than other factors (46.3%). Although the teacher’s attitude towards character education in countering radicalization was 65.4% and the magnitude of the direct influence of the teacher’s attitude towards the deradicalization of students was quite high (73%), but it still requires a continuous application for teachers and students as well as equating views between schools and students’ parents. Implementations to Research and Practice: This research can be implemented by public and private educational institutions to improve teacher attitudes and can help to increase student nationalism. As an activity program, the implementation of deradicalization can take the form of identification, rehabilitation, re-education, and re-socialization efforts for individuals or community groups who are affected by radical beliefs by prioritizing the principles of empowerment, human rights, the rule of law, and equality. In junior high school, exemplary attitudes of teachers and character education can influence students’ behavior to counteract extreme behavior that leads to radicalism.
Keywords: Character education, Deradicalization, Junior secondary school, Teacher’s attitude.