Assistant Prof. Dr. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Buca Eğitim Fakültesi Turkey.
Problem statement: Studies carried out in recent years both in Turkey and abroad indicate that child and teenage violence has increased and become widespread. Annually, 91.1% of deaths due to violence in the world occur in low and middle-income countries. Family life is an important element in understanding violent behavior as it relates to family and peers. Family as a system is effective in the development of the child. Thus, it is an important area of study for the decrease of violent behavior observed in children and teens. Mother education programs are one of the most effective response methods for children with behavioral problems.
Purpose of Study: The purpose of this study is to enhance family functionality levels for elementary school students displaying violent behavior and ensure that they have a more sufficient means of communication for anger management and conflict resolution issues via mother education programs. In this study, the effects of mother education programs on the functionality, anger management and conflict resolution levels have been analyzed.
Methods: An experimental design with pre-and post-test control groups was used in this study. The Family Assessment Scale, State-Trait Anger Scale, Tendency of Conflict Scale, and a personal information form were applied to the experimental and control groups as a pre-test. The research group was composed of 40 mothers of elementary school students in İzmir. They were divided into two equal groups. Tukey q analyses were carried out in order to investigate the source of the difference by variance analysis for repetitive measurements. In order to analyze the effect size of the analyses, which was specified as important during variance analysis for repetitive measurements, η2 was used.
Results: This study investigated the sub-dimensions of the family assessment scale, which are problem solving, communication, roles, emotional response ability, and necessary assistance levels of parents. It was found that the group effect was significant for those participating in the study. Furthermore, the results of the group effect showed improvements in problem solving, communication, roles, emotional response ability, and necessary assistance levels of mother education program attendees. Whereas there were no difference in the pre-test results between the experimental and control groups, it was determined that the conflict tendency scales of those attending the mother education were significant.
Keywords: Mother education, family functions, anger management, conflict resolution.