Validity and Reliability of Motivation Scale in Piano Education

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Karadeniz Technical University Fatih Faculty of Education Music Education Department.


Problem Statement: Studies on the factors of student motivation are currently addressing issues such as student attitudes, studying principles, studying environments, musical works and some personal issues. All of these elements undoubtedly have an effect on student motivation and success, so instructors should consider them while helping students to increase their motivation levels. Instructors should consider individual success in addition to the overall quality of their piano instruction if they wish to understand student motivation and other performance indicators, such as the self-consciousness of the students.

Purpose of Study: In this study, the author aimed to develop the “Motivation Scale in Piano Education” and then test the scale’s validity and reliability. The scale rates the motivation of piano students to play the piano, their performance on piano exams and their piano playing habits. The author then assessed the validity and reliability of the data collected with the scale.

Methods: A survey method was used to collect data for this study. The “Motivation Scale in Piano Education” was applied to students who were taking the piano class for the first time when the study was conducted as well as students who were repeating the class at the time of the study. The work group consists of 258 piano students from the music teaching program. The author administered the survey to all 258 students from the work group within one month, including any related communication.

Keywords: Piano Education, Motivation, Validity and Reliability